The European artistic movement encompasses several distinct periods. There are Old masters, Renaissance, Baroque, and Modernist movements. Whether you want to learn more about these movements or get an overview of their works, there’s an artist for you. In this article, we’ll examine the works of the Old masters. After reading through this article, you’ll be well-equipped to begin your own exploration of European art. By the time you’ve finished, you’ll have a clear understanding of the major movements of art throughout the centuries.

Old masters

In the past few decades, the term ‘Old Master’ has faced a lot of criticism for its male-centricity. However, feminist art historians have recently questioned this label, claiming that there is no female equivalent. In recent years, art establishments have tried to make these artists’ works more accessible to all kinds of viewers, regardless of gender. Here are some of the most notable examples of ‘Old Masters’ paintings.


The most popular sculptures and paintings of the era date back to the Renaissance. Master artists from this time often mastered both painting and sculpture. Drawing from ancient Greek art and the anatomy of the human body, these artists also pioneered a number of new techniques and added subtle layers of meaning to their works. Known for the technique of foreshortening, these artists often depicted distant objects in lighter colors.


In the early nineteenth century, the Nazarenes movement gained wide admiration in Germany. Though most people have never heard of them, this movement grew out of an artist’s reaction against the styles of the past. Artists like Friedrich Wilhelm von Schadow and Friedrich Overbeck reacted to the prevailing styles of the early nineteenth century by wanting to create something new. They hoped to create a new style that was distinct from Neoclassical and Baroque art.


The Modernists were the generation of modern art. This group of European artists rejected traditional tonal harmony and experimented with the structure of sound. Although they rejected the traditional plot and style of composition, they also created works that were highly modern and daring. For example, Franz Marc’s 1913 painting “The fate of the animals” was displayed at a degenerate art exhibition in Munich. Other modernists included Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse.

Abstract expressionists

The era of Abstract Expressionism is well known for its frankness and aggression, but many female artists produced powerful artworks during this period. While female Abstract Expressionists were often overlooked in the early years, Mary Abbott, Jay Defeo, and Perle Fine all created powerful works. But, their contributions to the movement have been overlooked as well. This is the case even today, and their work remains overlooked by many art historians.

Rock art of the Iberian Mediterranean Basin

The rock art of the Mediterranean Basin is an exceptionally important historical document. It offers documentary and artistic evidence of human life during a critical stage in its evolution. It is unique to the Iberian Peninsula and Mediterranean Basin, and is one of the most important collections of rock art in Europe. Here, we examine the most notable examples of rock art in Spain and Portugal. But before we explore these masterpieces, let’s take a closer look at the region’s culture.